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The history of Bergerac wines

From the 3rd century A.D. to now, learn about our collective

Creation of the Bergerac and Duras wine area along with the emergence of the Gallo-Roman civilisation. ‘Biturica’, the ancestor of cabernet is the first grape to be used.

12th century
Documents first appear, certifying the importance and location of the vineyards

King Henry III of England authorises free transportation of Bergerac wines up to the Gironde estuary.

End of the 13th century
Arrival of Gaillard de Got at the head of Duras’ seigneury: this marks the beginning of the renown of the wines of Duras to the entire Christendom.

During the Hundred Years War, the Dufort Duras were at the head of the Seigneury of Duras. They were of English allegiance and used to bring their wine to the court of England where it was much appreciated. England therefore favored the expansion of the vineyard by ensuring the consumption of the wines of Duras, to such an extent that France accused England of “harvesting Aquitaine”.

The Bergerac wine area stretches over 7 more villages

Accession to the throne of Francis I. He describes the wine of Duras as “nectar” and encourages the planting of new vines in the region of Duras.

This wine area converts to a production mainly consisting of dry and dessert white wines.

14th century
The Bergerac wines are differentiated from other wines in the world by marking the barrels with a griffin and a tower, as a token of recognition.

Topographer A. Julien establishes the first wine classification into 5 groups. The white wines of Bergerac appear in the second class, just after the wines of Sauternes and Barsac. Red Bergerac is in the third class, same as Pauillac, Margaux, Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien.

Phylloxera vastatrix, the insect, destroyed the vineyards until 1890 – the whole surface was reduced from 26,500 to 5,400 acres.

Creation of the Syndicat de Défense des Vins du Canton de Duras (Union for the Defense of the Wines of the Canton of Duras).

September 11, 1936
A decree recognising the protected designation of origin (AOC) of Bergerac, Bergerac sec, Côtes de Bergerac, Côtes de Bergerac Moelleux and Monbazillac is issued.

New decree recognising the AOC of Montravel, Côte de Montravel, Haut Montravel and Côtes de Duras.

New decree recognising the AOC of Pécharmant and Rosette.

Creation of the Conseil Interprofessionnel des Vins de la Région de Bergerac (CIVRB) – Interprofessional council of the Bergerac wine region

New decree recognising the AOC of Saussignac.

New decree recognising the AOC of Montravel Rouge.

Fusion of the CIVRB and the Conseil Interprofessionnel des Vins de Duras, to make a common interprofession: the IVBD (Interprofession des Vins de Bergerac-Duras).